Understanding China, One Blog at a Time

An American in China

More on China and Sudan

Posted by w_thames_the_d on March 31, 2011

From The Beijing Consensus(Stefan Halper)

SUDAN In recent years, Sudan has provided one of the higher-profile demonstrations of the China effect. Beijing has maintained strong economic relations with Khartoum since 2002, focusing on Sudan’s considerable natural resources. The terms of the relationship are a classic example of China-Africa relations. Khartoum provides drilling and exploration rights to Chinese oil companies, along with markets for cheap Chinese goods. In return, Sudan receives low-interest loans, aid, and extensive contracts with Chinese construction companies to build roads, bridges, and highways at a lower price than most Western companies would charge. In 2003, rebels from Sudan’s Darfur region began to attack government military targets, arguing that the Islamic government in Khartoum was oppressing black African communities by distributing the country’s resources unequally. The government responded by mobilizing a progovernment Arab militia called the Janjaweed. This group began a program of systemic attacks against Darfur as a whole, killing civilians and raping women by the thousands. Within three years, the conflict had killed over two hundred thousand Darfurians and displaced more than 2.5 million. As the killing escalated after 2003, a steady flow of news reports and editorials appeared in the international press calling on the UN Security Council to intervene and halt the violence. From the other direction, however, China appeared as Sudan’s chief diplomatic protector.19 From early 2004, international pressure, exerted by both the press and governments, built on the Sudanese to modify their policies. But rather than comply with the gathering outrage, Khartoum took shelter behind Chinese diplomatic protection. Each time the UN Security Council attempted to pass a resolution to act against Khartoum, the Chinese either blocked it, diluted it, or abstained. UN Security Council Resolution 1556, for example, originally demanded that the Sudanese government disarm the Janjaweed completely and allow humanitarian assistance into the Darfur region. After China threatened to use its veto, all enforcement mechanisms in the proposal were removed, rendering the resolution essentially useless.

2 Responses to “More on China and Sudan”

  1. gowron said

    Belive me the Reds have been smoking MORE than “Janga” weed. lol. Their criminals flood Vancouverites with Ice and smack. Here’s hoping that the South Sudanese can establish a highly efficent country, now that they have worked so hard to get it. And this and other states counters the Reds. Hope that South Sudan doesn’t decay into Mugabe madness or Idi Amin lunacy. This is their big chance. May God bless this nation with intergrity, and may my Chinese understand the power of democratic due processes.

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